Tanja Munz-Körner

Science meets Art

Exploring Visual Quality of Multidimensional Time Series Projections

Dimensionality reduction is often used to project time series data from multidimensional to two-dimensional space to generate visual representations of the temporal evolution. In this context, we address the problem of multidimensional time series visualization by presenting a new method to show and handle projection errors introduced by dimensionality reduction techniques on multidimensional temporal data. For visualization, subsequent time instances are rendered as dots that are connected by lines or curves to indicate the temporal dependencies. However, inevitable projection artifacts may lead to poor visualization quality and misinterpretation of the temporal information. Wrongly projected data points, inaccurate variations in the distances between projected time instances, and intersections of connecting lines could lead to wrong assumptions about the original data. We adapt local and global quality metrics to measure the visual quality along the projected time series, and we introduce a model to assess the projection error at intersecting lines. These serve as a basis for our new uncertainty visualization techniques that use different visual encodings and interactions to indicate, communicate, and work with the visualization uncertainty from projection errors and artifacts along the timeline of data points, their connections, and intersections. Our approach is agnostic to the projection method and works for linear and non-linear dimensionality reduction methods alike.

Article - PDF - GitHub - Source code (DaRUS) - Supplemental Material (DaRUS)

Tanja Munz-Körner and Daniel Weiskopf.
Exploring visual quality of multidimensional time series projections.
Visual Informatics. 2024.
  author = {Munz-Körner, Tanja and Weiskopf, Daniel},
  title = {Exploring visual quality of multidimensional time series projections},
  journal = {Visual Informatics},
  year = {2024},
  doi = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.visinf.2024.04.004}

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Video from the supplemental material